Fact Sheet

Home / Fact Sheets / Winter Care Tips for Dog and Cat Owners

Winter Care Tips for Dog and Cat Owners

When its cold outside, extra precautions are required to ensure your pet’s well-being. Follow these tips to keep your pet warm and cozy during these chilly months.


  • Cats can get frostbite, and many seek warmth by crawling into car engines, which can be dangerous or fatal. Cats should be kept indoors year-round.
  • Dogs also should be kept inside if possible. If kept outside, they should have a draft-free shelter large enough to stand and turn around in, yet small enough to retain body heat. Use a layer of straw or other bedding material to help insulate your pet against the cold. Different breeds of dogs have different sheltering needs. Purchase a commercially produced doghouse or contact your local humane society for construction plans for a doghouse suitable for your climate. Please be sure to contact your veterinarian if you have questions.
  • After letting your pet out to relieve themselves, be sure to wipe paws when they come back inside. Tender pads can be injured from salts and other ice-melting chemicals. These products can be irritating to skin and mouth. Signs of ingestion include excessive drooling, vomiting and depression.
  • Outdoor animals typically need more calories in the winter. This allows their body to produce body heat. Increase the amount you feed your pet if she is allowed to go outside. Indoor-only animals may need fewer calories to avoid weight gain.


  • Batteries contain corrosives that, if bitten or swallowed, can cause ulceration in your pet’s mouth, tongue, and gastrointestinal tract.
  • Antifreeze is deadly to pets. The sweet taste is irresistible to animals kept in the garage in colder months. Look for “safe” non-toxic antifreeze and make sure all spills are cleaned immediately and thoroughly. Contact your veterinarian immediately if you suspect your pet may have ingested any antifreeze!
  • Winter typically is the cold and flu season. Medications as basic as aspirin can be harmful and dangerous to pets. Do not medicate your animal yourself unless under the direction of your veterinarian. Keep all prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs out of animals reach.
  • Rat and mouse killers are used more frequently during the winter months. Place these products in areas that are inaccessible to your pet.
  • If you suspect your pet has gotten into a potentially poisonous substance, call your veterinarian or ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Phone Number: (888) 426-4435 immediately! Have the telephone number to your local emergency animal hospital readily available.

Our first-responders are there when animals need them most

From natural disasters to animal cruelty investigations, we are on the front lines protecting animals in times of crisis.

Contribute Volunteer